Renewable Fuels
Renewable fuels- fuels produced from renewable sources. – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renewable_fuels

Renewable fuels are proving to be cost effective, environmentally friendly and more accessible. There are many benefits to using renewable fuels. This article will provide a little background history on renewable fuels. It will also show you a look at the rules set in place as far as renewable fuels are concerned.

The Renewable Fuel Standard program will increase the required volumes of renewable fuel to 36 billion gallons by 2022. In 2010, a certain percentage of the renewable fuel blended into transportation fuels must be cellulosic biofuel, a biomass- based diesel and advanced biofuel. Renewable fuels are made frombiological sources like grain, canola, corn, switch grass and straw.

Cellulosic is derived from cellulose, hemicellulose or lignin and achieves a 60% greenhouse gas emissions reduction. Renewable fuels have the ability to reduce carbon dioxide and monoxide as well as smog creating compounds. They are also biodegradable and nontoxic which is great for the environment. When renewable fuels are made from forestry or agricultural biomass, it can improve waste utilization.

The Sugar to Ethanol program allows for $36 million dollars to convert sugar cane to ethanol in Hawaii, Florida, Louisiana and Texas. It also gives a $25 million loan guarantee program for sugar-ethanol facilities. The EPA estimates that when the RFS is fully implemented, renewable fuels will displace 15 billion gallons of gasoline and diesel fuel in 2022.

Another type of renewable fuel is hydrogen fuel. This renewable fuel can be divided into two categories. The biological production of hydrogen fuel can be produced from biomass sources such as forest residues and consumer waste. The chemical production is where hydrogen fuel is made by a process called gasification. This is where biomass is processed into a combustible gas and then burned.

New developments and research are causing renewable fuels to gain popularity. Using renewable fuels will decrease our dependency on foreign countries. We will not be at risk for gas price increases or possibly inflation. The government is finding renewable fuels more attractive and they are beginning to see renewable fuels as a valuable asset in sustainable energy. Also using renewable resources for the production of renewable fuels, allows will us to keep producing the fuel over and over again. If we continue to do this, we will never have to worry about pulling up at the gas pump and not having access to the fuel when we need it.
References

http://www.epa.gov/otaq/renewablefuels/

http://www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/laws/law/US/390

http://www.energy.gov.ab.ca/BioEnergy/1517.asp

http://www.bioenergywiki.net/Renewable_Fuels_Standard

http://action.sierraclub.org/site/DocServer/Big_Picture_RFS_Factsheet.pdf?docID=2061